Jharkhand is immensely abundant in thick verdant forests, plateaus, low rolling hills, ample scenic beauty and diversity, rare herbs, wildlife sanctuaries, precious minerals, placid backwaters, mountainous limpid lakes and rivers, spectacular waterfalls, etc. Jharkhand has both bustling towns and quiet pastoral villages, surrounded by pacific forests, plateaus, hills, coal mines, and Iron and Steel industries. It is a rich land of great scenic beauty, placid backwaters, refreshing and rejuvenating greenery, alien and exotic cultures, and winsome rustic simplicity.
Organic Handloom Silk
Non-violent silk, Ahimsa Silk or Peace Silk, is produced from cocoons without killing the pupae inside or without sacrificing animal life. “Ahimsa”, meaning “nonviolence”, is a philosophy of many eastern religions, stating that humans should refrain from inflicting suffering on others, including non-human and even non-animal life. In this process silk worm can complete their life cycle and finally fly away as a beautiful butterfly.
Cocccon crafts & loom is the fastest growing manufacturer of organically produced peace Silk. Cocoons are all allowed to hatch and breed, and the silk is processed from the hatched cocoons. In some cases, the cocoons can be pierced or cut open and the butterfly tipped out.
How is it Organic?
GOTS, The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) is recognised as the world’s leading processing standard for textiles made from organic fibres. It defines high-level environmental criteria along the entire organic textiles supply chain and requires compliance with social criteria as well.Read below for the step wise process followed by our vendor for organic silk.
Dedicated to produce high quality non-violent silk fabrics organically, project Cocccon is a modern form of rural cooperative industry. It has a decentralised production cycle, which allows silk farmers, spinners, weavers etc to work directly from their place. All these differnt units are well connected with a centralised headquarter. Storage of cocoons, yarns and ready textile are done at its headquarter. Here is step wise information about production cycle.
Sericulture or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of silk. It is done mostly in free nature and in some cases indoor. In this process, use of any kind of pesticides or genetic spray over leaves or tree are not done. To keep silkworms safe from harmful insects or birds huge mosquito net is covered over each and every tree where silkworms breed and live. In some cases biopesticide from Neem (Azadirachta indica) seeds are used.
Once Cocoons are ready, they are spreaded indoor on a bamboo platform. In case of Tussar hanged vertically from the ceiling using jute strings. In a week time silk butterflies(moth) hatch out of cocoon itself or sometimes cocoons needs to be pierced by well trained group of women. After checking each and every empty cocoon they are forwarded to degumming department.
The process of eliminating “Gum (sericin)” and impurities from raw silk is known as degumming of silk. This is done by adding natural bio soap in the hot boiling water. some times Hydrogen Peroxide is used to make different shades of silk yarn uniform. This is ecofriendly and approved by REACH & GOTS. During degumming common process of “Silk- weighting” to make silk yarns 3–4 times heavier by using toxic salts of metal including Chromium, Barium, Lead, Iron or Sodium magnesium is not practiced and completely banned in our production.
Spinning and reeling of silk yarns are done manually by using manual charkha as well with motorised machines. Introduction of Solar powered spinning machine has made possibility to make finer counts for luxury fabrics.
Weaving: Initially weaving was 100% handloom. In the year 2015 use of powerloom also started to meet demand of high quality silk fabric length.
Finishing: is done by using natural bio oils from different herbs to make fabric soft and later calendering is performed to make it uniform. Use of silk waxing or optic brightening is not performed.